Any Questions please email Jeff Hines at Jahines55@gmail.com
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The time is April 2009 and the sun is setting on the James River near Jamestown. However, the Hines family story is just starting. Sit back and enjoy a leisurely ride through four centuries of timetravel exploring the lives and times of our ancestors starting with the early years of our country but not really ending as our family line continues on to provide stories of our own. Please feel free to contact me with anything you wish to add to this.
The 2000 census indicated that there are approximately 68,000 people with the surname Hines living in the United States. This website traces the roots of the first generation of the Hines family that immigrated to America in the 17th Century.
Before the English settled in Jamestown in 1607, the Algonquian and Iroquois tribes lived in Tidewater Virginia. The Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) tribe meaning people at the fork of the stream, identified as members of the Iroquois nation, lived south of the James River. In December 1606, the London Company dispatched a group of 104 colonists in three ships: the Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery. The voyage was a rough and lengthy one. After 144 days the colonists arrived in Virginia on April 26, 1607 at the entrance to the Chesapeake Bay. In early 1608 Captain John Smith, driven by the necessity of obtaining food for starving colonists at Jamestown, crossed the river and obtained fourteen bushels of corn from nearby indians. This transaction was the dawn of History in America.
The English 350 Ton Ship "Friendship" sailed from London in August 1629 for Jamestowne.
Hines Origins in America
An early map of 17th Century Virginia.
William Hines was among six people transported in August 1629 from London to Jamestowne in a ship called the "Friendship", among the passengers was a pass for Sir John Harvey, who is appointed Governor of Virginia. On board was Austine Warner, an ancestor of future President of the United States, George Washington and General Robert E. Lee. A commision of the Privy Council to John Preene, Captain of the "Freindshipp" of London, bound for Virginia. John Preene is to take his ship to Virginia as quick as possible, carrying the Governor of the Plantation and about 250 sailors and other passengers, that six grave and conformable ministers be sent thither, besides provisions. He has to land them at James City. The Privy Council authorizes him to suppress any disorder or mutiny. On the voyage across the Atlantic the Friendship was leaking badly and was forced to pull into Calais. Set out again but had to take a more southerly route and put into St. Vincent's and Cape Verde Islands.
In 1650 the merchant Edward Bland, on a trip to North Carolina, encountered a Cheroenhaka village of four hundred people, with an English-speaking chief, about twenty-five miles from present day Petersburg. For many years the Cheroenhaka occupied much of the land in which the Hines family settled in the 17th Century. In 1677, the "Cheroenhaka" Nottoway tribe and English signed a revised Treaty of Middle Plantation, which made them a tributary of the colony of Virginia. The Cheroenhaka soon moved further inland away from English settlements near the Assamoosick Swamp, which is located in present-day Sussex and Southampton Counties, north of Sebrell. With profitability of tobacco crops and the financial instability of the Virginia Company, lands were needed by English Settlers for planting. The settler's occupation of new lands gradually expanded southward towards the Cheroenhaka Village.
The common people ate with their fingers, sharing a bowl and drinking from a common tankard, both passed around the table. They usually ate a boiled porridge of corn, beans, peas, and pork, washed down with water or cider. Most colonists had plenty to eat in contrast to their past in England. During the 1660's and 1670's good land became scarce and tobacco prices fell. With one penny per pound the minimum tobacco price for breaking even, planters faced ruin during the late 1660's and early 1670's, when the price plummeted to only half a penny per pound. Hard times came to Virginia after 1665 as common planters became squeezed between their declining incomes and their heavy taxes paid to an especially callous and exploitative colonial government. Appointed in 1641 by the crown, Governor William Berkeley governed Virginia for most of the following thirty-five years.
Trade routes of the Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) tribe in the 1600's
In 1675, war erupted between the settlers and the Susquehannock, an Iroquoian-speaking people who dwelled north of the Potomac River. The war escalated as the settlers murdered chiefs who tried to negotiate for peace. Although relatively few, the Susquehannock were adept at hit-and-run raids that killed families on dispersed and vulnerable frontier farms. Infuriated settlers demanded permission from the governor to exterminate all the Indians. Governor Berkeley firmly opposed the genocidal proposal, for he and his friends cherished their profitable deerskin trade with the more peaceable Algonquian Indians. In 1676, Virginia erupted in rebellion. Led by Nathaniel Bacon they marched against the governor in Jamestown. In September 1676, Bacon's men drove the governor and his supporters out of Jamestown and burned it to the ground. A month later Bacon died of dysentery leaving his movement leaderless and by January 1677 it collapsed. To give servants greater hope for the future, in 1705 the assembly revived the head right system by promising each freedman fifty acres of land.
Descendants from John Rolfe and Pocahontas
1. Englishman John Rolfe (c. 1585-1622) married Pocahontas (c. 1595-1617), a Virginia Indian on April 5, 1614.
John Rolfe was one of the early English settlers of North America. He is credited with the first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia and is known as the husband of Pocahontas, daughter of the chief of the Powhatan Confederacy.
Thomas Rolfe became a powerful leader in the tribe his grandfather had led. During this time, he met and married Jane Poythress. He served in the English military until 1675. His only child by his second wife, called Jane Rolfe. Many Americans claim descent from Rolfe. In 1675, Rolfe died at the age of 59 and is buried in Hopewell's Kippax Plantation.
3. Jane Rolfe (1650-1676) married Robert Bolling (1646-1709) in 1674.
Colonel Robert Bolling was a wealthy early American settler planter and merchant who acquired a large estate. He was colonel of the militia and was a member of the House of Burgesses from Charles City County in 1702.Robert Bolling died on July 17, 1709, his remains are located at the Bolling mausoleum at Blandford Cemetery in Petersburg, Virginia erected by his great grandson.His grandson Robert Bolling was one of the most prolific poets in colonial Virginia.
Major John Fairfax Bolling was a colonist, farmer, and politician in the Virginia Colony. He was the second son and only surviving child of Colonel Robert Bolling and Jane (née Rolfe) Bolling. John Bolling was born at Kippax Plantation, in Charles City County, a site which is now within the corporate limits of the City of Hopewell. He made his home at the Bolling family plantation "Cobbs" just west of Point of Rocks on the north shore of the Appomattox River downstream from present-day Petersburg, Virginia.
Richard Randolph of Curles (Neck) Plantation Henrico County. Grandfather of the colorful Congressman John Randolph of Roanoke.
The Rev. Anthony Walke was the son of Col. Anthony Walke, II of "Fairfields", Princess Anne, Va (1/3/1725 - 10/2/1779). He is said to
Samuel was born in what was to become Southampton County where he was Justice of the County Court and Sheriff. Samuels and Martha's child Richard (1746-1833) was a prominent businessman, merchant, planter, and President of the Farmer's Bank of Norfolk.
He was the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Hines, who first settled and reclaimed from the wilderness the plantation called Poplar Grove, laying partly in Sussex and partly in Southampton County, on which they both lie buried.Inheriting from his parents a competency he increased it largely by industry and intellegence until at his death he
William Hines Sr. (1690-1760)
William Hines Sr. was born in Surry County Virginia. There is little documentation prior to William indicating his parents. There is one unrecorded record of a Thomas Haynes patenting land (280 acres) in the area where William lived in the 18th Century. It is believed (supported by secondary documenation) that his wife was named Elizabeth Gross, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Gross, and that they had eleven children:
This Sussex County Plantation called "Montrose" was built sometime in the early 18th Century. This might be William Hines (1690-1760) Plantation, indicated in his will and further described in various deeds transferring ownership to his sons, grandsons, and adjoining Planters as indicated below. The part that would have been Williams is the single story two dormer portion located on this photo taken in April 2010. In Mary A. Stephenson's book Old Homes in Surry & Sussex the basement is described as an English basement including "hand-carved mantels, hand-wrought nails, fine old woodwork, doors and floors that show the high quality of workmanship."
I am 90% certain that Montrose plantation (which dates back to the early to mid 18th Century) and is still standing is William Hines (1690-1760) final plantation. If you feel that I should wait until I am 100% sure on this the answer would be twofold. One: I wish to present these facts so that future generations can see my research without having to start from square one. Two: the metes and bounds refererences that were common in the 18th century prevent the common researcher with limited tools from determining all the boundaries that exist on any one parcel. There does not appear to many surveys drawn in that area of the county, by the Hines family, or any others that I have searched. Here is how I got to the 90%:
August 8, 1755 - In the Vestry Book of Albemarle Parish, "...pursuant to an Order of the Vestry of Albemarle parish bearing Date the eight day of August 1755 Wee the Subscibers have assembled the Freeholders of the land lying between the Nottoway River & Assamusock Swamp below Robins Branch & Austins Branch to the Southampton County line.....
Included the list of landowners was William Hines...Austins Branch can still be located on current maps (located to the right of the Nottoway River in Sussex County). There is an unidentified body of water to the left and connects to the Assamoosick Swamp. If you look on a current map it appears that these two bodies of water form the top portion of the boundary described in the Albermarle Vestry book above. Montrose is situated on a hill near this body of water which feeds a nearby lake commonly known as Beaver Lake a short distance from Montrose.
Here's the analysis that places William Hines final plantation near (within 100 acres) of this area:
April 21, 1758 - J. Wordsdon sells Joshua Hines 375 acres. When Joshua made his will in 1780 he gave his son Frederick the plantation where he now lives
October 19, 1786 - Howell sells to Milner 165 acres with the boundaries including Frederick Hines, John Edmunds, John Cargill, Robins Branch, and Hartwell Hines. Note that Hartwells land ends where Frederick begins so they have a common boundary.
October 5, 1789 - Edmunds sells to Wyche 362 acres with the boundaries including Austins Branch, Frederick Hines, William Milner, Edmunds Road, Peter's road, Gray Edmunds, Thomas Edmunds, and Thomas Hunt. There is a reference to Ware Neck Mill.
January 7, 1790 - Milner to Caton 165 acres
February 3, 1791 - Wyche to Sever 100 acres with the boundaries of Frederick Hines John Edmunds John Cargill, Robins Branch and Hartwell Hines. This is important because it places William Hines land within 100 acres of Robins Branch which is where Montrose is located. Now the one exclusion to this would be if there was another plantation that is no longer in existence that was within this 100 acre parcel of land. Logically if William owned up to 5000 acres of land he probably did not have another plantation within 100 acres but the possibility remains, hence the 90% accuracy rate.
February 2, 1792 - Frederick Hines sold to Edmund Blunt 375 acres.
August 10, 1796 - W Blunt to N. Land 375 acres (bordered by Edwin Hines, Benjamin Wche, Isaac Sever, Nathaniel Land). This real estate has stayed in the Land family since this time, Montrose is included in the current 500 acre parcel that the Land family now owns.
If you review the common boundaries for the above you will notice that there are not enough references in one parcel to form a conclusion but the sum of the whole clearly compresses William Hines plantation to 100 acres of land which happens to be where Montrose now stands. I am attaching pictures of Montrose and a description found in Old Homes in Surry & Sussex by Mary A. Stephenson.
Thomas (1705/12-1773) - was William and Elizabeth's first child. His Will is found in Sussex County Virginia. He left his wife Elizabeth Barham (1711-c. 1770) 392 acres of land and his son William 392 acres of land. Elizabeth Barham was the daughter of Robert Barham (1679-1760) and Elizabeth Clark (1680-1760) of Southwarke Parish, Surry County. This is probably the same Thomas Hines who appears in the deed from the Nottoway (Cherenoenhaka) Indian Chiefs dated August 6, 1735. There is a similiar deed to Richard Hines dated August 7, 1735 for 385 acres of land in the land records of Isle of Wight County Virginia. Thomas had a son named William (1735-1816) that there is an article in the Baltimore Sun dated December 22, 1907. Colonel William Hines as he was known inherited land from his parents and during his lifetime expanded it, becoming a large landowner. He was Magistrate and High Sheriff for Southampton County for many years. His wife was the daughter of Samuel Blow and Martha Drew Blow. In the Southampton Courthouse Order Book (1778-1884), In July 1779 the Sheriff's salary was 1248 pounds of tobacco. John (1713-1782) was the second child born, of whom more below. He is a direct descendant of the family line researched here.
William Jr. (1714-1784) - his Will is found in Sussex County Virginia. He leaves to his sons, Micager one parcel of land lying on the west side of Simmons Road two hundred and fifty acres, Howell all the lands purchased from John Battin in Nansemond County, Booling the land where I now live and bounded by a line of new marked trees to Simmons Road.
The middle photo of the Micager (various spellings including Micajah) house is probably how it looked when it was built in the Late 18th early 19th Century. Micager's father left him 250 acres in his will dated 1784. The top photo was taken in the 1920's. The bottom photo was taken in March 2009.
This house located on Jerusalem Plank Road near the Sussex and Southampton County border in Virginia, has been recently remodeled, was owned by Micager (several spellings) Hines (1763-1810). The original structure might have been built by the Hines family. Micager was the Grandson of William Hines Sr. (1690-1760), Micager had one child. The Style of this house is remarkable similiar to the house displayed near the bottom of this website under Benjamin Hines Jr. (1807-1867) which was built prior to 1831.
Peter (1717-1783) - his Will is found in the records of Edgecombe County North Carolina. He leaves his son Henry lands bordering on the line of John Ellis, Oarious Cowen, the Tarr River, and the road that leads up from River Road to Gouger Branch, and one-half interest in a Grist and Saw Mill on Town Creek. David (1719-1793) - He was born in Sussex County, sometime after his family settled in Effington County Georgia where his Will is found.
Joshua (1721-1782) - was born in Surry County Virginia and lived there all his life. His Will is found there.
More children of William and Elizabeth included a daughter born (1723), Ann (1725). Richard (1726-1781) - he died in Edgecombe County North Carolina. His will is found in the Archives of Raleigh. Sarah (1727) who married Lazarus Drake about 1746. Elizabeth (1729), all born in old Surry County.
This Prince George county deed is dated February 19, 1717, William Hynes of the county of Southward purchased 100 acres for 3000 pounds of tobacco.
The first court record concerning William Hines Sr. is in the Surry County Orders for 1713-1718 dated July 16, 1718 when John Hamlin was ordered to pay William Hines for attending court for four days in the case of John Hamlin against Ingumrodo Anderson. On February 20th 1723 William Hines acquired 90 acres of land near the Assamoosick Swamp (Land Grant Office in Richmond Virginia, Virginia Land Patents, Book II, page 312). In 1732 he acquired 180 acres (B14, page 495).
Increased conflicts between 1699 and 1705 led to the establishment of boundaries delineating the Cheroenhaka Indian lands. The House of Burgesses established an area defined as a three mile radius forming a circle around the Cheroenhaka Village. The wildlife which the Indians had hunted for food became scarce due to open cultivated fields. Unable to support them, the Cheroenhaka Indians petitioned the House of Burgesses in 1734 to sell the land surrounding the Village. In 1735, John Allen, the surveyor of Isle of Wight County, who possessed a reputation as the best surveyor in Virginia, divided the Cheronenhaka treaty land into tracts to be auctioned off to the highest bidder. 22 tracts which was one-fourth of the circular tract around the village were sold at auction. Also in 1735 the House of Burgesses dismissed the interpreter assigned to the Cheroenhaka, for some of the Indians had learned English while attending one of two Indian schools, the Brafferton at the college of William and Mary and the facility at Fort Christiannna. The House also directed that any buyer of Indian land should pay the chief directly. The deeds were three-part indentures, or contracts, between the chief men (party of the 1st part), their English Trustees (party of the 2nd part), and the new owner (party of the 3rd part).
Circle Tract of Land with the Owners names, note William and Richard Hines land located in the the upper left hand corner - this map is undated
Circle and Square Cheroenhaka Reservation Land - Near Courtland, Southampton County Virginia
The Hines family has in it's possession a deed for the sale of reservation land described above. It indicates that William Hines, was a Cheroenhaka Chief man and Richard Hines purchased the land not to exceed 400 acres for the sum of 10 pounds.
This 2 page document called a 3 part indenture to sell Indian Reservation Land is dated October 27, 1735 and bears the mark of William Hines for land purchased by Richard Hines as identified in the Circle Tract of Land above
On July 16, 1740 William Hines, who is described as a planter, acquired 100 acres on the west side of the Assamoosick Swamp from Francis and Sarah Eppes for 40 pounds (Surry county deed book 3, page 196). In 1747 he deeded this land to his daughter Sarah who was married to Lazarus Drake at the time. In mid 1742 he took a slave boy to one of the churches of Albermarle Parish (quite probably St. Paul's, then located south of Waverly) and caused him to be baptized as "Kitt" by the Reverend William Willie. From Tithable lists, for at least 5 years before his death, William put out a substantial crop of tobacco every year.
William appears to have lived alone in a small house based on the Inventory mentioned in his will. His wife appears to have died several years before. On July 21, 1747, William Hines of Albermarle Parish, Surry County, deeded various tracts of land on the Assamoosick Swamp to his children and grandchildren including: Richard 400 acres, David 400 acres, Peter 400 acres, Sarah 100 acres (as mentined previously), and his grandson 100 acres. In addition to the gifts to his children, William's possessions included a gun, powder horn, shott bag, nineteen hogs, five cows and calves, three cows and yearlings, five "stears", seven head of cattle, saddle and bridle. Included in his furniture was a knife and fork, a frying pan, "3 puter dishes", 4 puter plates, a table, two feather beds, and one trunk. He appeared to be a frugal man.
Two sources are pointing to the exact location of William Hines Sr. rather large (over 3000 acres) plantation. One is his Will dated December 16, 1759 which states he is from Albermarle Parish in Sussex County. At the Rockefeller Library is a copy of the Albermarle Parish Vestry Book 1742-1786 by Virginia Lee Hutcheson Davis and Andrew Wilburn Hogwood. On page 94 it indicated that landowners are present that have land that borders the Assamoosic Swamp, Nottoway River, Austin Branch (of the Nottoway River), and Southampton County line, present at this meeting are William Hines and his sons.
In March 2009 this site was identified as the Graveyard of William Hines Sr.
On March 18, 2009 I visited the gravesite of what is most likely the earliest documented descendant of the Hines Family. There are no tombstones, just a vacant piece of land and a large tree. A series of seven documents/books/websites provided information to this roughly 35 ft. x 35 ft. graveyard including graves that are historically significant.
Ground Penetrating Radar Survey of the Poplar Grove Cemetery dated March 2010 by William F. Hanna, Ph.D, Claude E. Petrone, John H. Imlay, and Dale K. Brown
On Thursday and Friday March 18th and 19th, 2010 a team of Archeologists used ground penetrating radar to locate the graveyard known as the Poplar Grove Cemetery per the March 21, 1867 plan (top photo). The corresponding report (bottom photo) appears to indicate a much larger graveyard that most probably the Hines family graveyard of the 18th Century.
1. William Hines Sr. (1690-1760) was born in
William Hines Jr. (1714-1784) was the son on William Hines Sr. (1690-1760) and Elizabeth Gross as referenced on page 161 of “John William Hines, born 1600 in Londonderry
Bolling (several different spellings) Hines (1768-1812) was the son of William Hines Jr. and Rebecca Little Hines as referenced on page 161 of “John William Hines, born 1600 in Londonderry
2. In William Hines Sr. (1690-1760) Will dated December 16, 1759 and recorded in Book A, page 172 in Sussex County Virginia it indicates that he is of “ye parish of Albermarle and County of Sussex”…
3. The Vestry Book of Albermarle Parish by Virginia Lee Hutcheson Davis and Andrew Wilburn Hogwood on page 94 states that pursuant to an Order of Vestry on August 8, 1755 the subscribers of land have assembled the Freeholders of the land lying between Nottoway River and Assamusock Swamp below Robins Branch and Austins Brand down to the Southampton County line including William Hines land. This is important because this places William Hines land which appears to be over 2000 acres mostly in
4. In an article called “The Metes and Bounds in a Circle and a Square” by Martha Wren Briggs and April Cary Pittman there are two maps one indicating the Circle Tract of land parcels of land sold in 1735 by the Nottoway Indians to various settlers including William Hines locating his parcel on the top left hand side of the circle which is situated near the border of current day Southampton and Sussex County on Route 35.
5. On the 31st Day of December 1790 Bolling (several different spellings) sold 400 acres of land (indicated as his fathers land) to William Hines, sheriff of the
The above establishes a graveyard located somewhere near the Southampton and
6. On the Southampton County Historical Societies website there is a link to area cemeteries that have been identified. One such link called the “
Located on Highway 35, just this side of the Sussex co. line on the Tyner farm in Southampton Co. VA. Information from John Rollison. Once known as “Poplar Grove” on a plat dated 3/21/1867. There are no markers.
Undated photo of Mattie Tyler, probably 1860's (Courtesy of the Southhampton County Historical Society)
Martha Rochelle Tyler (1820-1867) Daughter of James and Martha Rochelle, married John Tyler Jr., son of President John Tyler.
When worth and talent depart, when those who we dearly loved die, when those who have discharged with honor and fidelity all the duties of life, when more even than that, with a noble self sacrifice, they have labored more for the happiness of others than their own, when God in his wise dispensations of his providence call them from earth to receive the reward of their labors, we not only drop the tears of sorrow to their memory but friendship and affection and a sincere love of merit call upon us to plant a laurel on their grave. It is for that purpose that I take my pen to preserve fresh and green if I can the memory of my dear relative and friend Mrs. Martha Rochelle Tyler, who died in Jerusalem, Southampton County, Virginia on the 11th day of January 1867 at the residence of her mother, in the full hope of heaven, for she died in the faith.
Mrs. Tyler was the only daughter of her parents, James and Martha Rochelle, born in affluence and connected by blood with source of the wealthiest and most respectable families in her county, her childhood and early youth passed happily away, she grew up a most beautiful woman, a faultless form and exquisite grace of movement, eyes dark and lustrous, oval face of faultless mould, cheeks blending the rose and the lily, hair of a sunny golden tinge waving around her neck and shoulders, one of those faces that haunt poets, and painters in their dream of beauty and once seen never forgotten. Where advantage of youth and beauty and fortune united with a sweet temper and winning manner gathered around her a host of friends and lovers as soon as she entered society. At eighteen years of age she married John Tyler, Jr. of
Wm. B. Shands.
William Hines (1735-1816) Magistrate and High Sheriff of Southampton County. During the Revolution he was part owner of may privateers sailing from South Quay on the
Excerpts from a letter from William Hines to Richard Blow. (Courtesy of the Swem Library, College of William and Mary)
October 24, 1781
I had the pleasure to inform you that we are all got over and <unclear> pretty well over the disorder that was raging amongst us when you left this place and I should be <unclear> glad you made it <unclear> come up home………..Colonel Baker has <unclear> with me……we have no news but the surrender of Cornwallis which I am certain <unclear> before this so I shall say nothing about it……Oh I had like to forgot to tell you there was a new store just set up <unclear> Charles Briggs…..I am in haste…with my compliments to Major Mason with <unclear>.
Handwritten Obituary of William Hines ( 1735-1816) written by his grandson James Henry Rochelle (Courtesy of Sloan Mason - Slomas7@comcast.net)
Martha Blow Hines (1748-1815) Daughter of Samuel and Martha Drew Blow. Married William Hines on April 13, 1771. They had 6 children including Robert, George, William Drew, Patsy, Samuel Blow, and Martha Fanny Blow. Most of their children are buried in this cemetery.
Martha Blow Hines handwritten obituary by James Henry Rochelle, her grandson in 1867. (Courtesy of Sloan Mason - Slomas7@comcast.net)
Agreeable to promise I engage in the pleasing office of writing my beloved Brother although I am very doubtful that this will ever reach you, for I imagine you will have returned to
I remain your ever affectionate, Martha
Ps Mr Cary told me last evening that he did not expect that you would be in
Selfishness again you see!
This letter is written by Martha Blow Hines (1748-1815), daughter of Samuel and Martha Drew Blow, to her brother Richard Blow (1746-1833) in 1806 (Courtesy of the Swem Library, College of William and Mary)
Rochelle Prince House in the late 1800's (For more information on the Rochelle's contact Sloan Mason - Slomas7@comcast.net)
Samuel Blow Hines (1788-1857) Son of William (1735-1816) and Martha Hines. One of the 10 Magistrates during the Nat Turner trial of 1831.
The Peter Blow family were neighbors of the Southampton County Hines family. The Blow family was famous for their slave named Dred Scott born in
Early 19th Century Portrait of Samuel Blow Hines (1778-1857) (courtesy of the Shands Family of Richmond)
Robert Hines (1775-1823) Attorney, Samuel Blow Hines brother. (Courtesy of Ellen Comstock)
Newspaper Ads from the 1820 American Beacon Newspaper
Nancy Peete Elliott Hines, born November 8, 1780, married Robert Hines on November 8, 1799. She was the daughter of Colonel George Elliott Jr. of the Revolutionary Army and Mary Merritt. They had three children, Thomas, William and Elizabeth Hines Jordan. William married Jane Smith, a descendant of William Smith who came to Virginia about 1640 and was granted land in what is now known as Smith Neck and Smithfield. They lived on two plantations, Springfield (on the current site of the village of Rescue) and Shellbank.
Map from "The Smiths of Smith Neck, Isle of Wight County, Virginia, A study by Lloyd E. Warren, Reprint from the William and Mary Quarterly, July 1933
William Hines Sr. (1690-1760) Documentation indicates a high degree of certainty that he is buried in this cemetery. His wife Elizabeth is probably buried in this cemetery. There are roughly 90,000 Hines in the
William Hines Sr. (1690-1760) Documentation indicates a high degree of certainty that he is buried in this cemetery. His wife Elizabeth is probably buried in this cemetery. There are roughly 90,000 Hines in the
On page 236 of WN Hurley Jr.’s Book “ John William Hines, born 1600 in Londonderry
7. In Sussex County there is a survey map that is included in a deed dated February 27th, 1992 Book 358 pages 111-119, included is a map that indicates a cemetery roughly 35 x 35, there is a restriction on the deed located on page 112 “save and except, however, the Hines-Tyler-Shands family Cemetery, with right of ingress and egress to and from same, and shown on said plat as containing .03 +/- acre. The picture attached to this report indicates a large tree where the cemetery is and a road leading from Route 35 to the cemetery.
Scenes from the Tower Hill Plantation in Sussex/Southampton County Virginia. Tower Hill was the home of Martha Blow Hines who married William Hines of nearby Poplar Grove Plantation. (Courtesy of the Richard Blow/Blow Family Collections, Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia)
John Hines (1713-1772)
John was born in Southampton County, Virginia. He was the first of eleven children of William (1690) and Elizabeth Hines. John and his wife Elizabeth (born 1730) were the parents of at least nine children. Peter was born in 1748. He married Elizabeth Boyd November 9, 1786. Joshua (1750-1779) their second child, of whom more below (he is a direct descendant of the family line researched here). David (1752-1789). Steven in 1754. Mary in 1756. Richard (1758-1789). John Jr. (1760-1807) - Will is found in Southampton County. This may be the same John Hines in Deed Book 15 on page 441 in Goochland County, Virginia. It is mentioned here only for some historic interest respecting the value of precious metals at that time. The deed was for fifty acres of land at a price of 100 pounds, payable in gold at a rate of five pounds per ounce. William in 1762. Thomas (1764-1774)
This vacant house (bottom two pictures) is located on the corner of 605/628 in southampton county was owned by the Hines family in the 18th and 19th centuries. The top picture was taken of the same house sometime in the 1930's (Courtesy of Reverend Bindy Wright Snyder of Memphis, Tenn)
They owned land along the Nottoway River. One transaction occurred on December 1, 1748, where John Hines purchased 151 acres on the south side Journagan's Bridge Run, Source: Land Office Patents No. 27, page 79. Another transaction occurred on November 11, 1754, John and his wife Elizabeth purchased 100 acres on the west side of the Assamoosock Swamp, the border between Sussex and Southampton, and Meadow Branch (part of 385 acres which Richard Hines purchased of the Nottoway Indians, Southampton County Deeds Volume 2, pages 84-85). The location of portions of John Hines land was pinpointed in November 2007. John Hines (1713) Will dated October 15, 1771 indicates that one son named Richard was to receive 100 acres of land lying between Richard Parker's land and William Hines' land. Earlier in this narrative it was explained that Indian Reservation Circle Tract was sold in 1735. Martha Wren Briggs and April Cary Pittman, wrote an article titled "The Metes and Bounds in a Circle and Square" pictured above. In this article there is a map of the Circle Tract that in the left hand top corner refers to Richard Hines land situated between Richard Parker's and William Hines. The time frame of ownership for these parcels is undated. It appears that this Richard Hines parcel is the same one referred to in his will. We also have some current maps that clearly identify where the Circle tract was located.
Southampton County was originally part of "Warrasquoyocke" one of the eight shires making up the Colony of Virginia. In 1749 the portion of land west of the Blackwater River became Southampton County. The first courthouse was built in 1752 on the east bank of the Nottoway River where the present courthouse now stands. The village of Jerusalem grew up around the courthouse, becoming a town in 1791. Jerusalem was re-incorporated as the Town of Courtland in the late 1800's.
A day in the Life of John Hines
What was life like back in the Parish of Nottoway, County of Southampton in the late 18th Century? John Hines' Will indicates that John owned several houses and a great deal of land near the Nottoway River.
The Nottoway River near the borders of Sussex and Southampton Counties in Virginia - July 2008
He left his wife Elizabeth the use of the plantation for the remainder of her life. At this point in time we do not know much about Elizabeth except her birth date. The next in line in the Hines ancestry was Joshua Hines who was born in 1750 and died at the age of 29 in 1779. He outlasted his dad, John, by only 7 years. Did Elizabeth outlast Joshua? Did Joshua's son Benjamin(1776-1829) who was only 3 years old at the time of Joshua's death) inherit Joshua's portion of the large estate left by John and William Hines? As we continue on answers to these questions might occur.
The Simmons Graveyard just off of Route 35 near Sebrell Virginia
Map of Nottoway Parish - John's will references Nottoway Parish for the location of his plantation.
Joshua Hines (1750-1779)
Joshua was born in 1750 in Southampton County, Virginia. He was the second of nine children of John (1713) and Elizabeth Hines. In John Hines' (1713) Will it states "Item: I give and bequeath to my son Joshua Hines the other half of the land I now Live on after the death of my wife, also I give my said son Joshua the first foal that the old mare shall bring to him and his heirs together. On November 9, 1774 Joshua bought 83 acres from William and Sarah Scoggin on the south side of the Assamoosok Swamp, bought by William Bosman in 1772, adjacent to John Kirby, John Brown, David Cotton. In 1755 there were 2009 people listed as subject to tithe in Southampton which represented a population of about 4000 whites and 2000 Blacks. Except for a few whose occupation was flour miling or coopering, virtually every family's occupation was farming. Many of these supplemented their family income seasonally by collecting tar, pitch, and turpentine from the abundant pine forests. The only formal educational institution known to have existed in Southampton during the colonial era wsa the boarding school operated at Broadwater by Samuel Nelson. His advertisement in the Virginia Gazette in 1771 boasted that the school offered Latin, Greek, and French along with geography and astonomy. Some of the wealthier planters had the services of tutors or else sent their sons away to schools at Williamsburg or elsewhere.
Joshua was married in 1775 to Lucy Foster, born 1755, a daughter of William and Elizabeth Brown Foster. The will of Jean Brown, dated September 5, 1789 in Southampton County mentions Benjamin (born 1776) and Henry (born 1778) Hines, both said to be sons of Joshua and Lucy Foster Hines. The will of Olive Brown, dated October 9, 1794 in Southampton County mentions Lucy Brown Hines, Olive Brown being her grandmother. The will of John Brown, dated October 23, 1780, apparently Lucy's grandfather, was witnessed by Lucy Hines.
The Battle of Great Bridge was fought December 9, 1775, in the area of Chesapeake, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War. The victory by the Continental Army was responsible for removing Lord Dunmore and any other vestige of British Government for the Colony of Virginia during the early days of the Revolution. Shortly thereafter, Norfolk, (at the time a Tory center) was captured and destroyed, cementing Continental hold on Virginia
The Burning of Norfolk was an incident that occurred during the American Revolutionary War. On January 1, 1776, by the order of John Murray, Earl of Dunmore, Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, the British ships in Norfolk Harbor began shelling the town with heated shot and hollow shells containing live coals, with the express purpose of burning the town to the ground. Five days after the Battle of Great Bridge, the victorious Patriot Colonel William Woodford, and his 2nd Virginia Regiment occupied the town of Norfolk. Most of the inhabitants were Loyalists, and they fled to the British ships that were in the harbor. Severe overcrowding soon led to deaths from disease and starvation. The occupying forces refused requests for provisions, and were also taking pot shots at the ships. Dunmore announced that he would burn the town on January 1, 1776, and the shelling began at 4 a.m. Landing parties helped the fires along, as did the occupiers. When the flames finally burned out two days later, four-fifths of the once prosperous town “lay in ashes.
The United States Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies then at war with Great Britain were now independent states, and thus no longer a part of the British Empire. Written primarily by Thomas Jefferson, the Declaration is a formal explanation of why Congress had voted on July 2 to declare independence from Great Britain, more than a year after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War. The birthday of the United States of America—Independence Day—is celebrated on July 4, the day the wording of the Declaration was approved by Congress.
IN CONGRESS, JULY 4, 1776
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America
When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & Perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.
We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these united Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. — And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.
Battle of Trenton (12/26/1776)
The Battle of Trenton took place on December 26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War after General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River north of Trenton, New Jersey. The hazardous crossing in adverse weather allowed Washington to lead the main body of the Continental Army against Hessian soldiers garrisoned at Trenton. After a brief struggle, nearly the entire Hessian force was captured, with negligible losses to the Americans. The battle boosted the Continental Army's flagging morale, and inspired re-enlistments.
The Continental Army had previously suffered several defeats in New York and had been forced to retreat across to Pennsylvania via New Jersey. Morale in the army was low; in an attempt to save the army and end the year on a positive note, George Washington—Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army—devised a plan to cross the Delaware River on Christmas night and surround the Hessian garrison.
Most of Southamptons 1,200 white males and over 1000 free blacks saw service in the Revolutionary War. The American Revolutionary War occurred between 1775 and 1783. The Patriots were led by General George Washington. William Hines Sr.(1690) had a grandson named David Hines Jr(1749-1800) who reportedly served in the Continental Line during the Revolution.
Benjamin Hines (1776-1829) their 1st child, of whom more below (he is a direct descendant of the family line researched here).
Many Southamptoners were called away as often as a half dozen times in the seven years of the war. Lord Dunmore's activities around Norfolk including the destruction of the city in January 1776 drew levies from Southampton including Henry Taylor's minutemen who occupied a station at Suffolk for a while during the winter. When the company was discharged during March of that year it was replaced by Thomas Ridley's regulars. The port of South Quay with several warehouses for storing tobacco, pork, and other products had attained major significance in the Virginia economy.
Battle of Princeton (1/3/1777)
The Battle of Princeton (January 3, 1777) was a battle in which General Washington's revolutionary forces defeated British forces near Princeton, New Jersey. On the night of January 2, General George Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, repulsed a British attack at the Battle of the Assunpink Creek. That night, he evacuated his position and went to attack the British garrison at Princeton. General Hugh Mercer, of the Continental Army, clashed with two Regiments under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Charles Mawhood of the British Army. Mercer and his troops were overrun and Washington sent some Militia under General John Cadwalader to help him. The Militia, on seeing the flight of Mercer's men, also began to flee. Washington rode up with reinforcements and rallied the fleeing Militia. He led the attack on Mawhood's troops, driving them back. Mawhood gave the order to retreat and most of the troops tried to flee to Cornwallis in Trenton.
Battle of Brandywine (9/3/1777)
The Battle of Brandywine was a battle of the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought on September 11, 1777, in the area surrounding Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania. The battle, which was a decisive victory for the British, left Philadelphia, the revolutionary capital, undefended. The British captured the city on September 26, beginning an occupation that would last until June, 1778.
Battle of Germantown (10/4/1777)
The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777 at Germantown, Pennsylvania. The British victory in this battle ensured that Philadelphia, the capital of the revolutionary government of the Thirteen Colonies, would remain in British hands throughout the winter of 1777-1778.
Henry Hines (1778-1868) born in Norfork Virginia. In 1805 he married Mary Polly Evans (1783-1817) and they had 6 children. He apparently lived in Warren County North Carolina and Patrick County Virginia. He married Lucinda Carter (1791-1834) on July 16, 1819 and they had 5 children.
Valley Forge (12/19/1777 -5/6/1778)
In May of 1778 British commander, General Clinton in Philadelphia, faced with a war with France decided it was prudent to protect New York City and Florida. He sent 3000 troops to protect Florida by sea. Then, on June 18, the British began to evacuate Philadelphia, crossing New Jersey to go to New York City. They had 11,000 troops, a thousand loyalists and a baggage train 12 miles (19 km) long. As the British advanced, the Americans made it painful for them. They started burning bridges, muddying wells and cutting trees across roads. General Lee advised to await developments as he didn't want to commit the army against the British regulars. In spite of Lee, Washington was determined that the British were vulnerable to attack as they spread out across the state with their baggage trains, and moved from Valley Forge into New Jersey in pursuit.
Battle of Monmouth (6/28/1778)
General Washington was still undecided as to whether we should risk an attack on the British column while it was on the march. We held a meeting of his command staff, the Council of War, and attempted to find some resolve in that matter. The council, however, was quite divided on the issue. The only unifying theme was that none of Washington's generals advised in favor of a general action. Brig Gen "Mad" Anthony Wayne, the boldest of the staff, and Maj Gen Marquis de Lafayette, the youngest of the staff, urged for a partial attack on the British column while it was strung out on the road. Lee was still cautious. He advised only guerrilla action to harass the British column. On June 26, 1778, Washington sided with a more bold approach but did not go so far as issuing orders for a general action. He sent almost one-half of his army as an advance force to strike at the rear of the British when Clinton made the imminent move out of Monmouth Courthouse, which occurred on June 28, 1778. The Continental Army moved on northeast from Valley Forge to attack. General Charles Lee was handed the command, and elements of his command -- General Wayne's brigade supported by General Knox's artillery -- attacked the British column's flank. When the British turned to attack him, Lee ordered a general retreat, and his soldiers soon became disorganized. Washington sent the dejected Lee to the rear, then personally rallied the troops and repelled two counterattacks referred to as "Washington's Advance". The battle was a standoff. With a high of over 100 ° both sides lost almost as many men to heat stroke as to the enemy. Both sides retired at nightfall. Eventually exhaustion forced Clinton to call off the attack. Washington tried to organize a counterattack, but the daylight had begun to fade and our exhausted troops could fight on no longer. By about six in the evening the fighting was over. Clinton was happy that his main objective of the day, to cover his retreat, had been achieved. The next morning the Americans woke to find the British had slipped away during the night. The rest of the march to Sandy Hook went without incident, and on July 1 the British army reached the safety of New York City, from where they were evacuated to New York.
Battle of Monmouth - Lee's Retreat
This battle was the first test of Steuben's re-trained Continental troops. They withstood the trial well given the conditions due to Steuben's knowledge of Prussian Army training programs. The battle was technically a tactical draw, as it had no particular benefit for either side, but the Americans claimed victory being left on the field, with the British having withdrawn. The battle was the last major engagement of the northern theater, and the largest one-day battle of the war when measured in terms of participants. Lee was later court-martialed for his actions at the Village Inn located in the center of Englishtown. He was found guilty. Monmouth is considered the second of two major battles over the course of the war in which Washington's army faced British Regulars on straightforward terms, in a set-piece field battle and were not defeated.
Battle of Monmouth - Washington rallying his men
Washington's Map of New Jersey (Courtesy of the College of William and Mary, Swem Library, Blow Family Papers Collection)
Joshua Hines apparently did not leave a Will and at this time there is no explanation for his early death at the age of twenty-nine years prior to March of 1779. In March 1779 there is a record in the Southampton County Order Books indicating that the Inventory of the estate of Joshua Hines was returned and ordered to be recorded.
The Burning of Suffolk 13 May 1779
Battle of Charlestown (4/8/1780-5/12/1780)
The Siege of Charleston was one of the major battles which took place towards the end of the American Revolutionary War, after the British began to shift their strategic focus towards the Southern Colonies. As a defeat, it was the biggest loss of troops suffered by the Continental Army in the war. By contrast, General Washington avoided attempts to match force on force and adroitly avoided getting his forces pinned strategically so the superior British communications could assemble a crushing blow. At the same time, Washington, at the least with his aide and sub-commander General Lafayette, was cognizant of efforts to bring in the Kingdom of France against the British.
Battle of Waxhaws (5/29/1780)
The Battle of Waxhaws is the name of a battle that took place on May 29, 1780, in South Carolina, between a Patriot force led by Abraham Buford and a mainly Loyalist force led by Banastre Tarleton. After reports of Tarleton ignoring the surrender of Buford's troops, the American colonists began to call the battle "The Waxhaw Massacre".
Banastre Tarleton, His Cavalry destroyed South Quay, Virginia on July 16, 1781
Lord Cornwallis moving in a wide arc up from North Carolina and south along the James in the summer of 1781 caused concern throughout central and southeastern Virginia. In July Tartleton's cavalry, seven hundred strong and one of the most feared fighting units in the British army, galloped into South Quay and destroyed houses in which were a considerable quantity of private stores including rum, tobacco, sugar, ship rigging and other valuable property. When they retreated toward Suffolk in late July the British left South Quay a smoldering ruin.
Washington's Map of Virginia (Courtesy of the College of William and Mary, Swem Library, Blow Family Papers)
There is a newspaper article about William Hines (1735-1816) grandson of William Hines Sr. (1690-1760) in the Baltimore Sun dated December 22, 1907. Colonel William Hines as he was known inherited land from his parents and during his lifetime expanded it, becoming a large landowner. He was Magistrate and High Sheriff for Southampton County for many years. During the Revolution he was part owner of many privateers sailing from South Quay on the Blackwater River, and in ports in North Carolina. The cellar of his house was said to have contained guns for the patriot troops, which caused Cornwallis to issue an order that the plantation be burned, which fortunately was recinded. His wife was the daughter of Samuel Blow and Martha Drew Blow.
The Siege of Yorktown or Battle of Yorktown in 1781 was a decisive victory by combined assault of American forces led by General George Washington and French forces led by General Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by General Lord Cornwallis. It proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War, as the surrender of Cornwallis’s army (the second major surrender of the war, the other being Burgoyne's surrender at the Battle of Saratoga) prompted the British government to eventually negotiate an end to the conflict.
Henry Hines Sr (1732 -1810 ) This Henry is not the same Henry, son of Joshua, listed above. He is from another Hines family line that came to America via Ireland and England in the 17th Century; enlisted in the Revolutionary War on Feb 4 1778 and served as a private in Capt. Carlton Payne's company, Col Richard Parker's 1st Virgina Regiment, serving until Feb. 1779.
Benjamin Hines (1776-1829)
Benjamin was born in 1776. He was the first of two children of Joshua (1750-1779) and Lucy Hines.
Thomas Jefferson was the author of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom (annotated transcript)
The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom is both a statement about freedom of conscience and the principle of separation of church and state. Written by Thomas Jefferson and passed by the Virginia General Assembly on January 16, 1786, the Statute is the forerunner of the first amendment protections for religious freedom. Divided into three paragraphs, the statute is a statement of Jefferson's philosophy.
The first paragraph is both a statement of natural right and Jefferson's deism -- that is, the belief that God created the world and along with it, man's capacity to rule himself. Deists believe that although God is the creator, He is not actively involved in worldly affairs. God has granted individuals freedom of conscience in religious matters and any attempt to limit or restrict it is wrong.
The second paragraph is the act itself, which states that no person can be compelled to attend any church or support it with his taxes. It says that an individual is free to worship as he pleases with no discrimination.
The third paragraph reflects Jefferson's belief in the people's right, through their elected assemblies, to change any law. Here, Jefferson states that this statute is not irrevocable because no law is (not even the Constitution). Future assemblies that choose to repeal or circumscribe the act do so at their own peril, because this is "an infringement of natural right." Thus, Jefferson articulates his philosophy of both natural right and the sovereignty of the people.
The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the United States. It is the foundation and source of the legal authority underlying the existence of the United States of America and the Federal Government of the United States. It provides the framework for the organization of the United States Government. The document defines the three main branches of the government: The legislative branch with a bicameral Congress, an executive branch led by the President, and a judicial branch headed by the Supreme Court. Besides providing for the organization of these branches, the Constitution carefully outlines which powers each branch may exercise. It also reserves numerous rights for the individual states, thereby establishing the United States' federal system of government. It is the shortest and oldest written constitution of any major sovereign state.
The United States Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787, by the Constitutional Convention (or Constitutional Congress) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and later ratified by conventions in each U.S. state in the name of "The People"; it has since been amended twenty-seven times, the first ten amendments being known as the Bill of Rights. The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was actually the first constitution of the United States of America. The U.S. Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation as the governing document for the United States after being ratified by nine states. The Constitution has a central place in United States law and political culture. The handwritten, or "engrossed", original document penned by Jacob Shallus is on display at the National Archives and Records Administration in Washington, D.C.
In the United States, the Bill of Rights is the name by which the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are known. They were introduced by James Madison to the First United States Congress in 1789 as a series of articles, and came into effect on December 15, 1791, when they had been ratified by three-fourths of the States. Thomas Jefferson was the main proponent of the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights prohibits Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise therof, forbids infringement of "...the right of the people to keep and bear Arms...", and prohibits the federal government from depriving any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law. In federal criminal cases, it requires indictment by grand jury for any capital or "infamous crime", guarantees a speedy public trial with an impartial jury composed of members of the state or judicial district in which the crime occurred, and prohibits double jeopardy. In addition, the Bill of Rights states that "the enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people," and reserves all powers not granted to the federal government to the citizenry or States. Most of these restrictions were later applied to the states by a series of decisions applying the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, which was ratified in 1868, after the American Civil War.
Benjamin married Elizabeth Simmons Williams on December 18, 1797 in Southampton County, Virginia. Benjamin had seven children. Elizabeth and Benjamin had six children. Rebecca was born in 1800 and died sometime after 1880. Daniel L. Simmons (died 1845) married Rebecca Hines in 1819 and they had seven children.
This is Barn Tavern caretakers house in the early 20th century.
This is how the Barn Tavern caretakers house looks today, located at current day Sebrell Virginia. The actual Tavern consisted of about 26 rooms, was built about 1775 by Zeb Simmons, it was destroyed by a storm around 1835. The tavern was on the route between Washington and Southern Cities and was frequented by state representatives on their trips to the nation's capital. Daniel L. Simmons and Rebecca Hines operated the tavern in addition to being the local postmaster and lived in a nearby house. The tavern was a sporting place, with drinking and dancing, a story is told that when the storm hit in 1835 a baby and a cradle was taken through the woods by the strong winds but were found 2 days later safe and sound.
Henry was born in 1802. Kezia was born in 1803. Zebulon L. Simmons (1798-1877) married Kezia in 1820 and they had six children, they lived in a house currently called the Simmons-Sebrell-Camp House that is still standing in Sebrell, Virginia.
The Simmons-Sebrell-Camp House in Southampton County Virginia (Courtesy of the National Register of Historic Places)
The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition by the United States of America of 828,800 square miles of the French territory Louisiane in 1803. The U.S. paid 60 million francs ($11,250,000) plus cancellation of debts worth 18 million francs ($3,750,000), a total cost of $15,000,000 for the Louisiana territory. The Louisiana Purchase encompassed portions of 14 current U.S. states and 2 Canadian Provinces. The land purchased contained all of present-day Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, parts of Minnesota that were west of the Mississippi River, most of North Dakota, nearly all of South Dakota, northeastern New Mexico, the portions of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide, and Louisiana west of the Mississippi River, including the city of New Orleans. (The Oklahoma Panhandle, and southwestern portions of Kansas and Louisiana were still claimed by Spain at the time of the Purchase.) In addition, the Purchase contained small portions of land that would eventually become part of the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. The land included in the purchase comprises around 23% of the territory of the United States today. The purchase was a vital moment in the presidency of Thomas Jefferson. At the time, it faced domestic opposition as being possibly unconstitutional. Although he felt that the US Constitution did not contain any provisions for acquiring territory, Jefferson decided to purchase Louisiana because he felt uneasy about France and Spain having the power to block American trade access to the port of New Orleans. Napoleon Bonaparte, upon completion of the agreement, stated, "This accession of territory affirms forever the power of the United States, and I have given England a maritime rival who sooner or later will humble her pride.
The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 represented roughly 23% of the existing land that is the United States of America in 2009.
Elizabeth was born in 1805. Sally and Benjamin Jr.. of whom more below. Benjamin Jr. is a direct descendant of the family line that is researched here, was born September 13, 1807. Benjamin appears in the Muster Rolls of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812 as a Corporal. He was entitled to Land Bounty under an act of Congress.
The War of 1812, between the United States of America and the British Empire was fought from 1812 to 1815. There were several immediate stated causes for the U.S. declaration of war: first, a series of trade restrictions introduced by Britain to impede American trade with France, a country with which Britain was at war (the U.S. contested these restrictions as illegal under international law); second, the impressment (forced recruitment) of U.S. citizens into the Royal Navy (though many of those impressed were British citizens whose change in citizenship was not recognized by Great Britain); third, the British military support for American Indians who were offering armed resistance to the expansion of the American frontier to the Northwest. An unstated but powerful motivation for the Americans was the need to uphold national honor in the face of what they considered to be British insults (such as the Chesapeake affair).
Benjamin remarried on February 19, 1813 to Sarah Ann Simmons of an old and prominent Southampton County family. Her great-grandfather, John Simmons was a member of the House of Burgesses from (then) Isle of Wight County, and one of the Commissioners who negotiated with the Nottoway Indians for the sale of a huge tract of land which encompassed a large part of what became Southampton County. Sarah Ann and Benjamin had one child. John born in 1814.
The Monroe Doctrine was a United States policy introduced on December 2, 1823, which said that further efforts by European governments to colonize land or interfere with states in the Americas would be viewed by the United States of America as acts of aggression requiring US intervention. The Monroe Doctrine asserted that the Western Hemisphere was not to be further colonized by European countries, but also that the United States would not interfere with existing European colonies nor in the internal concerns of European countries. The Doctrine was issued at the time when many Latin American countries were on the verge of becoming independent from Spain and the United States hoped to avoid having any European power take Spain's colonies. President of the United States James Monroe first stated the doctrine during his seventh annual State of the Union Address to Congress. It became a defining moment in the foreign policy of the United States and one of its longest-standing tenets, invoked by U.S. presidents, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, John F. Kennedy, and others.
Benjamin Hines died in 1829. Sarah died April 11, 1839 in Southampton County, Virginia. Benjamin's will is dated the 15th day of September 1829. The will mentions that he leaves the land to his wife Sally (Sarah?) a life estate to be distributed to his children upon her passing.
Benjamin Hines Jr. (1807-1867)
Benjamin Jr. born September 13, 1807 in Virginia. He was the sixth child of Benjamin (1776) and Elizabeth Hines. He married Lucy Ruffin Simmons (1805-1865) in Southampton County, Virginia on December 2, 1829.
Benjamin Hines Family Bible
Southampton's fertile uplands produced an abundance of cotton and tobacco, rice and corn, and other food crops including hay for the animals. The bottomlands were good for keeping pigs and grazing cattle, sheep, oxen, mules, and horses - work horses most of them, but also some bred for hunting or for racing. The later was re-emerging as a popular gambling sport, not without severe critics among the more righteous people of Southampton.
Many farmers also cultivated apple and peach orchards, and operated stills for the manufacture of cider and brandy - especially the apple brandy whose fine reputation extended far beyond the county, making it a major cash-earning export. The county's plentiful loblolly pines provided lumber, shingles, turpentine and barrel staves for domestic use, plus lumber and tar for naval construction. Houses and cabins, most of plain design and simple construction, were made more pleasing to the eyes by colorful patches of lovingly tended flowers - also more pleasing to the nose, amid the strongly competing odors of the privies and pastures, sties and stables. Wild animal life abounded. The Nottoway teemed with fish, great snapping turtles, quickly slithering water moccasins, hovering dragonflies, and jitterbus skittering across the water's surface. The forests and swamps were alive with deer, squirrels, rabbits, beavers, and possums. Jerusalem, the only town of any size or consequence in Southampton, had been created by the General Assembly in 1791 on 10 acres of land along the Nottoway - created partly because the county courthouse was already there, partly to provide a central marketing place, to improve Southampton's economy. The town's 25 dwellings accommodated four general mercantile stores, two inns (one of which the stage-coaches to elsewhere paused), two taverns, a carriage-maker's shop, the offices of two resident doctors, three resident lawyers, plus the Masonic hall and of course, the courthouse and the jail, near the bridge. Jerusalem's population of approximately 175 increased significantly on days when court was in session.
This house is where some of the victims were when Turner and his followers attacked in August 1831
Within three miles of Jerusalem, 50 or 60 slaves were effectively stopped at the Plantation of Mr. Parker when they were met by their armed planters. The Rebellion resulted in at least 50 white men, women, and children being killed. Over 100 blacks were killed, the number of black victims far exceeded the number of rebels which ultimately numbered about 70 enslaved and free blacks. The rebellion was suppressed within 48 hours, but Turner eluded capture for months. Rumors went flying throughout the state. Some accounts put the negroes at three hundred, all well mounted and armed, with two or three white men as leaders. On Sunday October 30th Nat Turner surrendered near Francis Plantation.
Tree where Nat Turner and his followers were hanged
James T. (1833) their 3rd child, he is a direct descendant of the family line researched here (of whom more below). Catherine born in 1834. Caroline (1836). John Henry(1837-1918). Tristam (1839-1842). William (1840-1842). George W born in 1842 in Hertford County North Carolina. He died in Herford County in 1869, his wife Roxanna listed him as a maker of vehicles and had at least one daughter. Elizabeth J. (1846-1935). Henrietta E born in 1847. Lucy born in 1849.
George Washington Hines House in Murfreesboro
North Carolina Counties
On December 8, 1838, Benjamin Hines and his wife Lucy of Northampton County, North Carolina sold to Henry Pettway, for $ 50.00 our portion of the lands of Benjamin Hines dec'd, now in the possession of Sarah Hines, widow. (Southampton Deeds, 24:291). In the 1840 Census, Hertford County NC, town of Murfreesboro shows Benjamin, his wife, 5 sons, 2 daughters, no slaves. On March 20, 1844 Benjamin and his wife Lucy sold land in Southampton County, Virginia (located on the east side of the road leading from Jerusalem to Petersburg bounded by the lands of Charles B. Urquhart, Jesse Little and William J. Tewberry) for the sum of $ 100.00 to William Beale.
The above handwritten note was included in the family bible of Benjamin Hines Jr. (Courtesy of Brett Liverman, transcribed by Warren Simmons)
What is to follow this dream
On Friday night the 24 of March I dreamt that I had preached to a congregation and after preaching a man came to me Cald me brother Hines and stated to me that he could not be a preaching at Brother Arnold’s next appointment which was the next Tuesday and he wished me to make an appointment that day to preach a final sermon over his child. The next Sunday week 12 months it being the first Sunday in April that he wished me to say to the people that he wished his child buried in Masonic order the above is a dream which I had the 24th night of March 1854. The appointment was to be made for preaching to be on the first Sunday in April 1855. B. Hines
Benjamin Jr. Hines family appears in the 1860 census of Bertie County, North Carolina, Benjamin, his wife Lucy and their daughters. He is working as an overseer on a local plantation with a post office address of Hotel, which later became Woodville (which is now known as Lewiston-Woodville.
Woodville Post Office - 2008
James Thomas Hines (1833-after 1910 census).
When this website was created it was believed James died in 1889, later records revealed that he was alive during the 1910 Census. No death certificate has been located to date.
James Thomas Hines - Civil War Era (Courtesy of Paul King)
James was born in 1833 in Northampton County North Carolina. He was third of twelve children of Benjamin Jr. (1807) and Lucy Hines. James married Angeline Spiers. James and Angeline had four children. Elizabeth J. was born in Bertie County North Carolina in 1855. Angus Henderson was born on July 2, 1857 in Northampton County North Carolina, their second child, of whom more in a password protected section located on the first page of this website (he is a member of the direct family line researched here). William P. was born in Northampton County North Carolina in 1859.
Between February 18-21, Winton, North Carolina was burned by Federal Forces
North Carolina was reluctant to secede from the Union. In fact, it did not secede until May 20, 1861, after the fall of Fort Sumter and the secession of Virginia. James who was about 29 at the time, his brothers, John Henry, and George Washington, enlisted in Company C. 3rd Battalion, North Carolina Light Artillery on February 28, 1862 in Wake County. Most of the 92 men that enlisted in Company C were from Herford and Bertie Counties. The unit suffered one desertion and seven deaths by disease before Confederate Muster. He mustered in as a Sergeant on March 27th, 1862 under the command of Captain Thomas Capehart Company C (Capehart's Battery) into state service at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh. Most Confederate batteries initially took the field with about 60 horses and 85 men, but the rigors of battle and disease forced many units to function with less most of the time. North Carolina did not have the manufacturing capabilities like the one at Tredegar Iron Works of Richmond.
It was necessary for the State to send newly formed batteries north to train near Richmond. On March 28th the battalion was ordered to Camp Lee for artillery training, just west of the city. The Tarheel artillery battalion was the only North Carolina artillery battalion to have been selected for such a prestigious assignment. The conditions at Camp Lee must have been somewhat spartan, since 12 men of the battalion died of disease in slightly less than five months. Camp Lee at this time was also the scene of execution for spies and deserters. The most famous of these hangings was Timothy Webster, one of Alan Pinkerton's agents in Richmond, who had the dubious distinction of being hanged twice.
Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond 1860's
On July 3rd, 1862 he was transferred to Company A of the same Battalion where he served as a Corporal. Still poised in the defenses of Richmond, the undersized battalion must have been anxious to get into action, and the chance finally came on August 20, 1862. Brigadier General William N. Pendleton, Chief of Artillery for the ANV ordered the 3rd Battalion to duty with Major General Lafayette McLaw's division. McLaws had just received orders to march to Hanover Junction, in conjunction with Robert E. Lee's movement to check Union Major General Pope's incursion into Northern Virginia. McLaws departed Richmond on the 23rd but the North Carolinians did not march with his command because they were waiting for harnesses for their horses. By September 9th 1862 the battalion had received all of its equipment but missed the battles of 2nd Manassas and Sharpsburg. On November 1, 1862 they moved toward Culpeper in order of march between the veteran battalions of Major William Nelson and Lieutenant Colonel Allen Sherod Cutts. Marching for Fredicksburg with the army on the 19th, the battalion would get its first taste of field duty in inclement weather. Within 15 miles of Fredericksburg, General Robert E. Lee's mindfulness of the weakened state of the defenses of Richmond resulted in an order on November 22, 1862 directing the battalion back to Richmond. The battalion had just spent almost three months with Lee's army and hadn't fired their guns in battle, or even unlimbered on a battlefield for that matter. On March 10, 1863 Captain Julian G. Moore was ordered to assume command of Company C and was at Wilmington and remained there until November 1863 when it was moved to Fort Caswell, Brunswick County. In May of 1863 Company C had 2-12 pound howitzers and 2-6 pound pound guns and Caisons and 44 Horses. On January 8, 1864 Company C was transferred from light artillery to heavy artillery service.
James Thomas Hines Muster Roll dated August 31, 1864
On September 21, 1864 Captain Moore was resigned and was replaced by Lieutenant John M. Sutton (Sutton's Battery). It remained at Fort Caswell until ordered to Fort Fisher (the largest Confederate fort) on December 24, 1864. The next day Company C was heavily engaged in the defense of the fort.
The Bombardment of Fort Fisher, January 15, 1865
The USS Colorado alone, with 52 guns, had more armament than all of Fort Fisher (which mounted a mere 47 heavy guns and mortars). The Federal fleet boasted more than 600 cannons. The Union fleet pounded Fort Fisher with an unprecedented naval bombardment, firing roughly 10,000 rounds of solid shot and explosive shell. Colonel Lamb's headquarters building was destroyed, and Confederate barracks and various outbuildings were set ablaze. Confederate return fire found its mark among the vessels of the fleet, and the massive shot-torn fort weathered the storm intact. As day dawned on Christmas Eve, Captain Sutton's Company C was still stationed at Fort Caswell on Oak Island. Later in the day they were ordered to Fort Fisher, arriving at Battery Buchanan in the late afternoon, but the bombardment kept them from marching to the fort until firing ceased at nightfall. Awestruck would probably best describe the feelings of Captain John A Sutton and the men of Company C, as they climbed up the steps leading to the parapet of Shepherd's Battery on the morning of December 25, 1864.
Shepard's Battery, Fort Fisher, right after the battle in January 1865
Awaiting them in the first gun chamber of the battery were a10-inch Columbiad and an ancient 6.4-inch smoothbore that had been rifled and banded, with the second gun chamber holding two 8-inch smoothbore seaoast howitzers. Sutton's artillerists stood on the wood deck, about twenty-three feet above the sandy beach, with protective traverses on either side of the chambers that towered another ten feet above them.. On Christmas day about 10:20am the incessant naval bombardment of Fort Fisher resumerd and Union warships hurled another 10,000 rounds upon the beleaguered bastion. Captain's Sutton's Company C was the recipient of the U.S.S. Kansas shelling, the gunboat expended 577 rounds of ammunition in the two days of shelling from it's 100 pound rifle and IX-inch Dahlgren rounds. Union infantry force lands but was effectively thwarted when Confederate reinforcements arrive, and on December 27 Union forces withdraw. Manning the four guns in Shepherd's battery on the extreme left of the fort, Company C had ten men wounded and three of their guns disabled. There is only one known report by an officer of Moore's Battalion during the Civil War. It is presented below:
Report of Capt. John M. Sutton, Third North Carolina Artillery Battalion. Fort Caswell, December 29, 1864
LIEUTENANT: I have the honor to report that on Sunday, the 25th of December, I commanded the four guns on the extreme left of Fort Fisher - Shepherd's battery: One 10-inch Columbiad, one 32-pounder rifle; two 8 inch seacoast howitzers. The 32-pounder was under the immediate command of Lieutenant Faison; the howitzers commanded by Lieutenant Frame. The 10-inch and one 8-inch were dismounted, and the carriage of the other 8-inch struck by a shell. I had 8 privates and 2 non-commissioned officers wounded, 3 of the privates by falling of a gun, the others by the enemy's shell. At night I commanded a 6-pounder at the gate on the extreme left. J.M SUTTON. Captain, Comdg. Company C, Third North Carolina Artillery Battalion.
Fort Fisher Under Attack by the Union Armada, December 1864 and January 1865
On January 13, 1865 a group of Union gunboats began shelling the peninsula at a point 4 miles north of Fort Fisher. On the same day a second massive bombardment of Fort Fisher began. Using hundreds of gigs and launches, 9,000 Union Troops began their second amphibious landing on Federal Point. This was the largest amphibious operation until the Second World War. The confederate garrison at Fort Fisher had approximately 1,900 men when the Union attacked late in the day on January 14th. Driven by sheer weight of numbers, the Federals pour over the crest of the battery. Shepherd's Battery was in shambles, all of its guns having been destroyed or dismounted. Sutton's artillerists now had no big guns to bring to bear on the Union forces massing before the fort and would take their positions on the parapets as infantry, an eventuality for which they had been trained. As Sutton and his men gathered their muskets and infantry accoutrements, they scarcely could have known that the three years they had spent idly in camps and fortifications had come down to this moment: one climactic battle to keep the lifeline to the Confederacy open. The Confederates were outnumbered. There were approximately 350 soldiers at the fort's western end. 4,243 surging union troops attacked this part of the fort at about 3:50pm near it's most vulnerable point, the riverside gate. The Federal onslaught was so overpowering that the small force could not hold it back. In desperation, the Confederates unleash a long-range fire from guns at Battery Buchanan, at the base of the peninsula. These incoming rounds rained down on the western salient, killing and maiming friend and foe alike.
A small detachment of Company C, under Lieutenant Alfred M. Darden, joined Companies A and B at Fort Anderson.
By 9:30pm that evening shouts of triumph from the Federals were clearly audible along the lower peninsula, and by 10:00pm the air above the Atlantic was alive with rockets and fireworks of all colors, as Union Forces celebrated the capture of Fort Fisher. Captain Sutton's battery suffered three killed, fourteen wounded and captured, and 46 unharmed men were taken prisoner, for a total casualty count of 63. Of the 60 men captured, fourteen died in captivity.
Wilmington and Fort Fisher 1865
There remains, in all of the fog of war enveloping Fort Fisher that fateful night, an intriguing fact. Despite being surrounded by water on three sides and the Union Army blocking the road to Wilmington, some of the Confederates managed to escape the fort. Scattered detachments from several units made their way to Battery Lamb on Reeves Point. At 5:17 P.M. Lietenant J.J. Bright informed General Hebert that there were some forty or fifty men at Battery Lamb who had "made their escape from Fisher; some wounded." James Thomas Hines was admitted to a hospital in Wilmington on January 23, 1865 for two days. With the fall of Fort Fisher, Wilmington's days were numbered. About 6,600 Confederate troops under Major General Robert Hoke held Fort Anderson and a line of works that prevented the Federals from advancing up the Cape Fear River. A small detachment of Company C, under Lieutenant Alfred M. Dardlen, joined Companies A and B at Fort Anderson. Here the battalion was placed under command of Colonel John J. Hedrick, 40th Regiment N.C. Troops. On February 19 Fort Anderson was evacuated after a spirited engagement, and the units retired to Town Creek where they halted to engage the advancing army before continuing the retreat. Retiring to Wilmington, the troops under Colonel Hedrick united with General Braxton Bragg's command and continued to retire westward. During the night of February 21-22, General Braxton Bragg ordered the evacuation of Wilmington, burning cotton, tobacco, and government stores. On March 7 the Union Advance was stopped by Hoke's and Hagood's divisions under General Braxton Bragg's command at Southwest Creek below Kinston. On the 8th the Confederates attempted to seize the initiative by attacking the Union flanks. After intial success, the Confederate attacks stalled because of faulty communications. On March 9th the Union forces were reinforced and beat back Bragg's renewed attacks on the 10th after heavy fighting. Bragg withdrew across the Neuse River and was unable to prevent the fall of Kinston on March 14th. Total forces engaged here were 12,000 Union and 8,500 Confederate (1,500 causalities). The Company C battalion was engaged on the field at Bentonville, North Carolina on March 19, 1865. This was the largest land battle ever fought in North Carolina and was the last major Confederate offensive of the Civil War.
Bentonville Battlefield, North Carolina
Nightfall stopped the attack and the rest of Sherman's army arrived on March 20th. During the rainy night of March 21 Johnson learned that the Union troops were at full strength and with no chance of success began to withdraw his men towards Smithfield. Also on March 21st Union Major General Joseph A. Mower launched an unauthorized attack on the Confederate left flank, which was defending Mill Creek Bridge. Mower's men managed to come within one mile of the crossing before Sherman peremptorily ordered them to pull back. In his Memoirs, Sheman admitted that this was a mistake and that he missed an opportunity to end the campaign then and there, perhaps capturing Johnson's army entirely. During the night, Johnson withdrew his army across Mill Creek and burned the bridge behind him. Sherman took little notice and did not pursue the Confederates. General Johnson met with Major General William T. Sherman near Durham, North Carolina on April 17, 1865 to declare an armistice for the purpose of arranging the terms of surrender. Company C remained with the army under General Joseph E. Johnston and was surrendered on April 26, 1865. The state of North Carolina surrendered on April 28, 1865 and that is when James left the army. Company C was paroled at Greensboro on May 1, 1865. Fewer than 8,500 muskets were turned in at Greensborough indicating an unwillingness on the part of the majority of the men to return to their homes without the means with which to defend their families. It had been a long journey for most of the artillerists, many of whom had been present at the first muster at Camp Mangum, exactly 37 months to the day they surrendered their guns at Greensborough.
Murfreesboro, North Carolina
The Gilded Age refers to substantial growth in population in the United States and extravagant displays of wealth and excess of America's upper-class during the post-Civil War, in the late 19th century (1865-1901). The wealth polarization derived primarily from industrial and population expansion. The businessmen of the Second Industrial Revolution created industrial towns and cities in the Northeast with new factories, and contributed to the creation of an ethnically diverse industrial working class which produced the wealth owned by rising super-rich industrialists and financiers such as Cornelius Vanderbilt, John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, Henry Flagler, and J.P. Morgan. Their critics called them "robber barons", referring to their use of overpowering and sometimes unethical financial manipulations. There was a small, growing labor union movement, led in part by Samuel Gompers, who created the American Federation of Labor (AFL), founded in 1886. It featured very close contests between the Republicans and Democrats, with occasional third parties. Nearly all the eligible men were political partisans and voter turnout often exceeded 90% in some states.
A Group of Vultures Waiting for the Storm to "Blow Over"--"Let Us Prey." Cartoon of New York's Boss Tweed and other Tammany Hall figures, drawn in 1871 by Thomas Nast and published in Harper's Weekly
This period also witnessed the creation of a modern industrial economy. A national transportation and communication network was created, the corporation became the dominant form of business organization, and a managerial revolution transformed business operations. By the beginning of the twentieth century, per capita income and industrial production in the United States exceeded that of any other country except Britain. Long hours and hazardous working conditions led many workers to attempt to form labor unions despite strong opposition from industrialists and the courts.
Annie Laura Hines (1869-1911) their last child was born on March 7, 1869. On the 10th day of January 1872 George W. Hines Hertford County, North Carolina purchase land (known as the Wineford Taylor tract of Land) of approximately 15 acres for the sum of $ 200.00 from Benjamin and Sarah F. Spiers (bounded on the west by the road leading from Murfreesboro to Benthalls Bridge, on the south by C. Porter and on the east and north east by Watson and Carter lands and on the north by W Parker). On the 1st day of January 1876 James T. Hines of Hertford County, North Carolina purchased land of approximately 10 acres for the sum of $ 40.00 from Mrs. Sarah F. Spiers (adjoining the land of Perry Carter, Mrs. Sarah F. Spiers, John Hanell).
Alexander Graham Bell (3 March 1847 – 2 August 1922) was an eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone. Bell's father, grandfather, and brother had all been associated with work on elocution and speech, and both his mother and wife were deaf, profoundly influencing Bell's life's work. His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices which eventually culminated in Bell being awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone in 1876. In retrospect, Bell considered his most famous invention an intrusion on his real work as a scientist and refused to have a telephone in his study.
The incandescent light bulb is a source of electric light that works by incandescence (a general term for heat-driven light emissions which includes the simple case of black body radiation). An electric current passes through a thin filament, heating it until it produces light. The enclosing glass bulb prevents the oxygen in air from reaching the hot filament, which otherwise would be destroyed rapidly by oxidation. After many experiments with platinum and other metal filaments, Edison returned to a carbon filament. The first successful test was on October 22, 1879, and lasted 40 hours. Edison continued to improve this design and by November 4, 1879, filed for U.S. patent 223,898 (granted on January 27, 1880) for an electric lamp using "a carbon filament or strip coiled and connected to platina contact wires". It was not until several months after the patent was granted that Edison and his team discovered a carbonized bamboo filament that could last over 1,200 hours.
On the 9th day of February 1885 James T. Hines and his wife Angeline sold land in Hertford County, North Carolina of approximately 10 acres for the sum of $ 150.00 dollars to Jacob H. Pool of Hertford County (adjoining the land of BB Winborne, Mrs. Sarah F. Spiers, John W Harrell). After he moved from North Carolina it is believed he lived at a home called "Fortsville" near Emporia, Virginia. The Unique architecture of this home can be traced back to the James Semple House located in Williamsburg Virginia. The Semple house was designed by Thomas Jefferson in 1770.
James Semple House - Williamsburg Virginia 2009
Fortsville is a two story structure on a brick foundation with two brick chimney's and is situated on 2,000 acres. It was owned in the early 19th century by John Young Mason. Mr. Mason served three terms in Congress (1831-1837) before holding various state and federal judgeships. The Virginian also served as U.S. Secretary of Navy in 1844 and Attorney General in 1849. The last six years of his life Mason was U.S. ambassador to France.
Fortsville near Emporia Virginia 2008
In the Courtland Courthouse there is a parcel map of the "Fortsville" tract of land. The top of the undated map indicates "Fortsville" is owned by W.P. Hines which is probably the son of James as indicated above. Annie Laura Hines married John Baker Felts (1868-1954) on February 2, 1892.
Lloyd Quinby Hines, James Thomas Great Grandson recalls a story that placed James Thomas civil war sword in the basement of this home and was used to cut cheese. He also indicated that James died in Boykins, Virginia, his body was taken from there by horse and buggy to Fortsville for burial. There have been to date several unsuccessful attempts to locate the grave.
The Progressive Era in the United States was a period of reform which lasted from the 1890s to the 1920's. Responding to the changes brought about by industrialization, the Progressives advocated a wide range of economic, political, social, and moral reforms. Initially the movement was successful at local level, and then it progressed to state and gradually national. Both the reformers and their opponents were predominantly members of the middle class. Significant changes achieved at the national levels included the income tax with the Sixteenth Amendment, direct election of Senators with the Seventeenth Amendment, Prohibition with the Eighteenth Amendment, and women's suffrage through the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Muckrakers were journalists who exposed waste, corruption, and scandal in the highly influential new medium of national magazines, such as McClure's. Progressives shared a common belief in the ability of science, technology and disinterested expertise to identify problems and come up with the best solution. Progressives moved to enable the citizenry to rule more directly and circumvent political bosses; California, Wisconsin, and Oregon took the lead. California governor Hiram Johnson established the initiative, referendum, and recall, viewing them as good influences for citizen participation against the historic influence of large corporations on state assembly. About 16 states began using primary elections. Many cities set up municipal reference bureaus to study the budgets and administrative structures of local governments. In Illinois, Governor Frank Lowden undertook a major reorganization of state government. In Wisconsin, the stronghold of Robert LaFollette, the Wisconsin Idea, used the state university as the source of ideas and expertise. Characteristics of progressivism included a favorable attitude toward urban-industrial society, belief in mankind's ability to improve the environment and conditions of life, belief in obligation to intervene in economic and social affairs, and a belief in the ability of experts and in efficiency of government intervention. In 1913, Henry Ford, adopted the moving assembly line, with each worker doing one simple task in the production of automobiles. Taking his cue from developments during the progressive era, Ford offered a very generous wage—$5 a day—to his workers, arguing that a mass production enterprise could not survive if average workers could not buy the goods. However, the wage increase did not extend to women, and Ford expanded the company's Sociological Department to monitor his workers and ensure that they did not spend their new found bounty on "vice and cheap thrills
Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry
The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two Americans who are generally credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903. They are also officially credited worldwide through the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, the standard-setting and record-keeping body for aeronautics and astronautics, as "the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight." In the two years afterward, the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing flight possible. The brothers' fundamental breakthrough was their invention of three-axis control, which enabled the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its equilibrium. This method became standard and remains standard on fixed-wing aircraft of all kinds. From the beginning of their aeronautical work, the Wright brothers focused on unlocking the secrets of control to conquer "the flying problem," rather than developing more powerful engines as some other experimenters did. Their careful wind tunnel tests produced better aeronautical data than any before, enabling them to design and build wings and propellers more effective than any before. Their U.S. patent 821,393 claims the invention of a system of aerodynamic control that manipulates a flying machine's surfaces.
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Any questions regarding this website please email Jeffrey A. Hines at Jahines@cox.net.
William Hines (1629-)
William Hines Sr. (1690-1760) - Elizabeth Gross
John Hines (1713-1782)
William Jr. Hines (1714-1784)
Thomas Hines (1715-1773)
Peter Hines (1717-1783)
David Hines (1719-1793)
Joshua Hines (1721-1782)
Richard Hines (1726-1781)
Sarah Hines (1727-)
Elizabeth Hines (1729-)
John Hines (1713-1772) - Elizabeth (1730-)
Peter Hines (1748-)
Joshua Hines (1750-1779)
David Hines (1752-1789)
Steven Hines (1754-)
Mary Hines (1756-)
Richard Hines (1758-1789)
John Hines Jr. (1760-1807)
William Hines (1762-)
Thomas Hines (1764-1774)
Joshua Hines (1750-1779) - Lucy Brown Hines
Benjamin Hines (1776-1829)
Henry Hines (1778-1868)
Benjamin Hines (1776-1829) - Elizabeth Simmons Williams / Sarah Ann Simmons (?-1839)
Henry Hines (1802-)
Kezia Hines (1803-)
Elizabeth Hines (1805-)
Sally Hines (1807-)
Benjamin Hines Jr. (1807-1867)
John Hines (1814-)
Benjamin Hines Jr. (1807-1867) - Lucy Ruffin Simmons (1805-1865)
Henrietta Hines (1830-1831)
Arland Parker Hines (1831-1901)
James Thomas Hines (1833-1920?)
Catherine Hines (1834-)
Caroline Hines (1836-)
John Henry Hines (1837-1918)
Tristam Hines (1837-1918)
William Hines (1840-1842)
George W. Hines (1842-1869)
Elizabeth J. Hines (1846-1935)
Henrietta E. Hines (1847-)
Lucy Hines (1849-)
James Thomas Hines (1833-1920?) - Angeline Speirs
Elizabeth J. Hines (1855-)
Angus Henderson Hines (1857-1932)
William P. Hines (1859-)
Annie Hines (1869-)
Angus Henderson Hines (1857-1932) - Anna Catherine Eads (1863-1934)
William Hines (1881-1932)
Edwin Hines (1882-1883)
Horace Hines (1883-1953)
Eunice Hines (1885-1948)
Maggie Hines (1886-1981)
Bettie Hines (1888-1936)
Hugh Hines (1889-1967)
Floyd Hines (1893-1958)
Angus Hines (1894-1953)
Olin Hines (1895-1973)
Elsie Hines (1897-1897)
Jack Hines (1898-1963)
Lewis Hines (1900-)
Quinby Hines (1903-)
Garland Hines (1905-1964)
William Hines (1881-1932) - Ruth Courtright ( -1932)
Garland Hines (1916-1995)
Elizabeth Hines (1957-1996)
Garland Hines (1916-1995) - Sophie Loretta Kunigillis (1919-2001)
Cynthia Hines (1943-)
William Hines (1945-)
Nancy Hines (1947-)
Jeffrey Hines (1955-)
Elizabeth Hines (1957-)
John Blow Richard Blow (1685-1762) Samuel Blow (1710-1766) Michael Blow (1712-1799) Richard Blow (1746-1833)
Thomas Blunt Benjamin Blunt William Blunt
Thomas Ridley Nathaniel Ridley
Tommy Simmons William Simmons John Simmons Charles Simmons